Boiling Point of Materials

Material Boiling Point Temperatures

List of boiling point temperatures of materials. The boiling points are listed from coldest to hottest. The boiling point is the temperature at which each material turns from a liquid to a gas.

  1. Helium

    Helium requires an extremely cold temperature to keep it in liquid form. At -452° F it boils and turns to a gas. In liquid form, it is used to power rockets. Helium gas is used for welding and making balloons float.

  2. Hydrogen

  3. Nitrogen

    Nitrogen is an element on the periodic chart with the symbol N. If you have been to a live science demonstration, we make have seen liquid nitrogen. In liquid form it is very cold. It can make object very brittle by dipping them in the liquid nitrogen. Liquid nitrogen is dangerous for people to handle since it can quickly freeze skin.

  4. Oxygen

    Oxygen is difficult to keep in a liquid state because it has to be at -297° F. At any higher temperature oxygen boils and turns into a gas.

  5. Ethane

    Ethane is used to make ethylene which is used to make welding gas and quickly ripen food.

  6. Acetylene

    Acetylene is most commonly used as fuel for a welding torch. When combined with oxygen acetylene burns at 6000° F.

  7. Carbon dioxide

  8. Propane

    Propane is liquefied petroleum gas. It is used to heat homes and heat portable gas grills.

  9. R-22 Freon refrigerant

    R-22 Freon is used for air-conditioning and cooling systems. It is a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) compound, which contains ozone-depleting chlorine. It will no longer be made after the year 2020.

  10. Ammonia

    Ammonia is used to make plastics and fertilizer. It has a distinct smell and is used in household cleaners.

  11. Butane

  12. R-11 Freon refrigerant

  13. Ether

    Ether was previously widely used in the medical industry, but now rarely used. Since its boiling temperature is near room temperature, it is easy to make liquid ether boil.

  14. Alcohol - methyl

    Methyl Alcohol is a poisonous alcohol that is made by distilling wood. It is used in cleaners and anti-freeze.

  15. Alcohol - ethyl

    Ethyl alcohol is made by distilling grains. It is used in alcohol that is sold in drinks.

  16. Benzene

    Benzene is one of the top 20 chemical used in the world. It is used to make detergents, pesticides, plastics, and other useful products.

  17. Alcohol - propyl

    Propyl alcohol is used as a chemical solvent. It is used to make products such as cosmetics.

  18. Water

    Water is the baseline material. The boiling point of water is 100° C, which is one of the reasons the Celsius temperature scale is set up as it is today.

  19. Alcohol - butyl

    Butyl alcohol is well-known for use as a paint thinner.

  20. Jet fuel

  21. Iodine

  22. Petroleum

  23. Glycerine

    Glycerine is used in many household products. It is probably most known for use in hand sanitizer and clear hand soaps.

  24. Mercury

    Mercury was previously used in thermometers but is now considered a toxic substance.

  25. Lead

  26. Silver

  27. Gold

    Gold is one of the most valuable metals in the world.

  28. Iron

    Iron is used to make steel and other metals.

  29. Titanium

    Titanium is more valuable than gold.

  30. Uranium

  31. Tungsten